Democratic Gov. Andy Beshear signed it into law Friday morning after a decade of failed attempts in the state legislature.
The news makes Kentucky at least the 38th state in the U.S. to legalize medical marijuana.
"In November, I signed an executive order to help Kentuckians with certain medical conditions, like our veterans suffering from PTSD, find safe and effective relief through medical cannabis," Beshear shared on Twitter on Thursday following the bipartisan vote.
The House has passed legislation to legalize medical marijuana twice in the last three years, but the state Senate had previously failed to approve the proposals, according to Forbes.
Under Senate Bill 47, patients with at least six medical conditions will be eligible to receive a medical marijuana card in Kentucky's program.
Those eligible also includes anyone with a medical condition or disease that the Kentucky Center for Cannabis at the University of Kentucky deems appropriate.
Card holders, who have to be 18 years old or a caretaker for an eligible child, are prohibited from smoking medical marijuana. »