South Korean women averaged 0.81 births during their lifetimes in 2021—the sixth straight year of decline, says Statistics Korea.
South Korean is among many developed nations that are experiencing a decline in childbirths and fertility rates.
For example, Hong Kong had a fertility rate of 0.9 in 2020 while Singapore’s was at 1.1.
In 2020, South Korea experienced its first natural population decline as its number of deaths surpassed the number of newborns.
By the end of this century, South Korea’s population of 51 million could halve, according to United Nations estimates.
South Korea’s low fertility rate and female labor participation rates ultimately “reflect entrenched social norms that will be difficult to turn around.
Yet only 3% of its population is foreign-born, given the challenges of becoming a South Korean citizen. »