In rejecting the former president's request, the decision from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit remains in place.
In addition to asking the Supreme Court to review the lower court's decision, the former president requested the justices stop the transfer of records from the National Archives and Records Administration to House investigators.
They declined to do so last month, and the select committee received more than 700 pages of records sought by the panel earlier this month.
Trump asserted executive privilege over more than 750 pages of these documents, which were at the crux of his lawsuit against the National Archives and select committee.
But Mr. Biden declined to uphold the former president's claims of executive privilege over the documents sought by the panel, and Trump filed suit in October to prevent their disclosure.
Both cited Trump's claims of privilege for not complying.
Congressman Adam Kinzinger, a Republican from Illinois who sits on the panel, told "Face the Nation" on Sunday he expects the committee will begin public hearings in the spring or summer. »