President Donald Trump signed an executive order today (April 6) establishing U.S. policy on the exploitation of off-Earth resources.
That policy stresses that the current regulatory regime — notably, the 1967 Outer Space Treaty — allows the use of such resources.
For example, the United States, like the other major spacefaring nations, has not signed the 1979 Moon Treaty, which stipulates that non-scientific use of space resources be governed by an international regulatory framework.
And in 2015, Congress passed a law explicitly allowing American companies and citizens to use moon and asteroid resources .
The executive order, called "Encouraging International Support for the Recovery and Use of Space Resources," has been in the works for about a year, a senior administration official said during a teleconference with reporters today.
Artemis aims to land two astronauts on the moon in 2024 and to establish a sustainable human presence on and around Earth's nearest neighbor by 2028.
In December 2017, for example, he signed Space Policy Directive-1 , which laid the groundwork for the Artemis campaign. »