New research has found that neurons deep inside the brain could hold the key to accurately diagnosing bipolar disorder and depression.
The research showed that this key structure within the brain responds differently depending on whether the person has bipolar disorder or depression.
In people with bipolar disorder, the left side of the amygdala is less active and less connected with other parts of the brain than in people with depression.
“Mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder and depression, can be difficult to diagnose as many conditions have similar symptoms,” Dr Korgaonkar said.
Identifying brain markers that could reliably tell bipolar disorder and depression apart would have immense clinical benefit.
Alarming, it can take up to a decade for these patients to be accurately diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder often first presents in the depressive phase of the illness and bipolar depression is similar to major depression in terms of clinical symptoms. »